Spatial Dance: Wallpaper pattern adapted from the Midway Gardens mural "City By The Sea"
Midway Gardens, Chicago, Illinois, 1913 (demolished in 1929).
Edward Waller Jr. commissioned Frank Lloyd Wright to design an entertainment complex in Chicago — Midway Gardens. It was an accomplished example of Wright's pioneering use of reinforced and cast-in-place concrete. The Gardens' innovative orchestra shell design set a standard for acoustics in outdoor theatre. Wright designed the sculpture, paintings, art glass, furnishings, and chinaware for the building, which included a vibrantly colored mural — 'City by the Sea'. This abstraction of the Chicago skyline at night, located on the south wall of the cabaret-bar, integrated a pattern of floating bubble-like circles derived from the use of a complex circular grid underlay formulated by Wright.